Acquired Brain Injury and Spinal Cord Injury

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Acquired Brain Injury and Spinal Cord Injury

If you or a member of your family sustains an acquired brain injury (ABI) and spinal cord
injury, adjusting to a new way of life may take some time. The severity of your illness or
accident will probably decide how much your life will change.
A person with acquired brain injury (ABI) may feel increased mental and physical
weariness, as well as changes in physical and cognitive processes, behaviour, personality,
and sensory functions. A serious spinal cord injury might result inparaplegia or
You might need to get used to using a wheelchair or losing control of some of your motor
skills. To “relearn” lost abilities while recovering from a stroke, you might need to work with
a physiotherapist and a speech therapist. The degree of the symptoms and loss of function
generally correlate with the severity of the illness or damage.

Monitoring the improvements

A spinal cord or brain injury may have far-reaching effects. It might be difficult to deal with
any loss of function and go through prolonged rehabilitation. It is normal to experience
anxiety and concern about the future. Your family, friends, and partners may also encounter
difficulties as they face emotional and practical hurdles, disruptions to family life, and a shift
in roles.
ABIs and spinal cord injuries may have a substantial impact on relationships, social
networks, leisure activities, and employment. It could be necessary for you and your
immediate family to adjust to a new way of life and relationships. Caregiving for someone
who has a significant brain or spinal cord damage, however, may strengthen families and help
them prioritize what is most important.
It will be helpful if family members or friends:

  • Have accurate and trustworthy information about the implications of the injury,
    recognize the challenges they may face, and comprehend that rehabilitation can be
    gradual and ongoing.
  • For caregivers to cope with the circumstance, it is helpful to: focus on the now rather
    than how dark the future may appear.
  • accentuate your strengths and your achievements instead of your flaws
  • Make time for self-care and ask for assistance when necessary

Diagnosis of Acquired Brain Injury ABI or spinal cord injury

  • The precise sites of any brain or spinal cord damage can be found using a variety of
    techniques, including x-rays, MRIs, and CT brain scans. In some circumstances,
    surgery can be necessary.
  • Recovery relies on the severity and location of the brain or spinal cord injury, the
    patient’s age and general condition, the speed and quality of first aid administered,
    and the effectiveness of therapy.

People with ABIs and spinal cord injuries are able to perform the majority of the same tasks
as the rest of the population, barring the most severe injuries. They could:

  • Work, study, enjoy recreation, socialize, have relationships, and start a family.
  • Occasionally, though, individuals must perform their tasks significantly differently
    from the majority of the population.

Treatment for traumatic spinal cord and brain injuries

The long-term effects of acquired brain injuries and spinal cord injuries are difficult to
foresee. The symptoms can range from mild to severe and vary from person to person
depending on the ailment’s source and severity.
Learn more about the different causes, signs, and remedies:

  • Spinal cord injury – paraplegia and quadriplegia – are conditions caused by an
    accident or other trauma to the spinal cord. Individuals with spinal cord injuries may
    get urinary tract infections, kidney stones, and pressure ulcers.
  • Stroke – By recognising the warning symptoms and taking action, you may be able to
    prevent or lessen the severity of a stroke. It is essential to recognise the warning signs
    of a stroke and seek medical attention immediately.
  • Brain tumour symptoms depend on the area of the brain affected by the tumour.
    Typically, a developing tumour and swollen brain tissue exert pressure on the brain,
    resulting in symptoms.
  • Hydrocephalus, or the abnormal enlargement of the ventricles of the brain, is
    brought on by the buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). If neglected, hydrocephalus
    can result in death or permanent brain damage.
  • Multiple sclerosis can cause neuropsychological symptoms such as memory loss,
    sadness, and cognitive (thought-related) impairments.
  • Subdural haematomas are blood clots that grow beneath one of the brain’s protective
    layers, typically following a trauma to the head. There may be a strong headache,
    confusion, slurred speech, and visual abnormalities.
  • An abnormal bulge in the wall of an artery or blood vessel is known as an aneurysm.
    Aneurysms commonly develop in the brain’s blood vessels and in the aorta, the
    body’s principal blood vessel. A ruptured aneurysm can cause instantaneous death.
  • Disorders brought on by alcohol abuse are collectively referred to as alcohol-related
    brain damage (ARBI). Memory, cognitive function, and physical coordination issues
    may be present in an ARBI patient.
  • Parkinson’s disease is a gradual, degenerative neurological disorder that affects a
    person’s motor control. It is neither infectious nor lethal. Study up on Parkinson’s
  • Coma – This happens when there is a severe malfunction with the brain’s arousal system
    or its communications with other brain regions, resulting in diminished brain

Consult with our communikare health expert who assists those who have had a stroke,
brain, or spinal cord injury for guidance and direction on where to locate ongoing
community help. In addition, they will be able to explain what treatments, therapies, and
lifestyle modifications may be necessary

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