Neuro Muscular Electrical Stimulation
December 20, 2022
Neuro Muscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES)
Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a type of therapy that uses electrical
stimulation to stimulate the muscles and nerves of the swallowing mechanism. To improve
swallowing treatment using neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), by these individuals
who have trouble swallowing as a result of a range of illnesses, including stroke, head, and neck
cancer, and neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis or Parkinson’s disease.
NMES therapy typically involves the use of a device that delivers electrical stimulation to the
muscles and nerves of the swallowing mechanism through electrodes placed on the skin. The
intensity and frequency of the stimulation can be adjusted to suit the needs of the individual.
NMES therapy can be used to improve muscle strength and coordination in the muscles
involved in swallowing, as well as to improve the coordination and timing of muscle
contractions during the swallowing process. It may also help to reduce the risk of aspiration, or
the inhalation of food or liquids into the airway.
NMES therapy is typically administered by a trained therapist or speech-language pathologist
and may be used in conjunction with other forms of therapy, such as exercises and techniques to
improve swallowing function. It is generally considered safe and effective but may cause some
side effects, such as skin irritation or muscle soreness.
Electrical stimulation is the use of electrical current to produce a desired response in the body. It
is often used in the medical field to treat conditions such as muscle weakness, chronic pain, and
incontinence. There are various methods of electrical stimulation, including transcutaneous
electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), spinal cord stimulation (SCS), and functional electrical
TENS is a method of pain management that use low-voltage electrical current to stimulate
nerves and stop pain signals from reaching the brain. Typically, it is administered via electrodes
put on the skin.
SCS is a type of pain management that uses electrical stimulation to relieve chronic pain in the
back, arms, legs, or other parts of the body. It involves the implantation of a small device, called
a spinal cord stimulator, which is placed under the skin and sends electrical pulses to the spinal
cord to block pain signals from reaching the brain.
FES is a type of therapy that uses electrical stimulation to activate muscles in people with spinal
cord injuries, stroke, or other conditions that cause paralysis. It is used to improve mobility and
function, and may be delivered through a device worn on the body or through a surgically
Overall, electrical stimulation is a safe and effective treatment option for a variety of conditions
and can be used in combination with other therapies for optimal results.
Process of Swallowing Therapy using Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation
Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is a therapy that uses electrical current to
stimulate the muscles. It is often used to improve muscle strength, decrease muscle
atrophy (wasting), and improve muscle control.
During the NMES process, small electrodes are placed on the skin over the muscles to
be stimulated. The electrodes are connected to a device that generates a low-voltage
electrical current. The current passes through the electrodes and into the muscle tissue,
causing the muscles to contract.
NMES may be used to treat a variety of conditions, including muscle weakness,
paralysis, and spasticity. It can also be used to improve circulation, reduce swelling, and
prevent muscle atrophy. NMES may be administered in a healthcare facility or at home
with the use of a portable NMES device.
The frequency, intensity, and duration of NMES treatment are typically adjusted based on
the individual’s needs and goals. NMES may be used in conjunction with other
therapies, such as physical therapy or occupational therapy, to achieve optimal results.
It’s important to note that NMES should be administered by a trained healthcare
professional, as improper use of the device can result in injury or damage to the muscle
The Final thoughts
NMES, or Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation, is a treatment that uses electrical
currents to stimulate the muscles. NMES is often used in physical therapy settings to
help improve muscle strength, control, and function in people who have muscle
weakness or paralysis due to injury or disease. NMES can also be used to help prevent
muscle atrophy (wasting) in people who are unable to move their muscles due to injury
Physical therapists, occupational therapists, and other healthcare professionals who are
trained in the use of NMES can offer this treatment. Some people may also be able to
use NMES at home with a device prescribed by their healthcare provider. It is important
to consult with a healthcare professional to determine whether NMES is appropriate for
your specific situation and to ensure that it is used safely and effectively.
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